Potential factors could include decreases in gang membership in an area, increased law enforcement presence in a community, use of technology such as surveillance cameras to deter street crime, and changing demographics, she said.
Changes in how certain crimes are carried out could also be a factor, she noted, using the example of drug dealing. Haberfeld also noted that police patrols focused on hotspots determined through crime mapping and predictive policing could have an impact.
“What I do know about New Jersey is that definitely various law enforcement agencies engage in more use of technology and also best practices in crime analysis based on risk assessment, crime mapping and predictive policing,” Haberfeld said.
Here is a rundown of criminal homicides reported in each county in 2017 and 2018. These figures do not include fatal shootings by law enforcement or vehicular homicides, and asterisks have been used to indicate where such cases have been subtracted from the total.
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